ELECTROCHEMICAL POLYMORPHIC PHASE FORMATION IN METALS
Keywords:electrochemical phase formation;, electrodeposited metal;, liquid state;, polymorphic transformation;, texture
The phenomenon of electrochemical phase formation in metals and alloys via a supercooled liquid state stage was discussed. Assuming the electrodeposited metal to be a product of formation and ultrarapid solidification of supercooled metallic liquid, a possibility of metastable phase formation during electrodeposition of polymorphous metals was suggested. It was anticipated that the polymorphic transition of the metal’s metastable form to the stable one occurs by shear, as does the martensitic transformation. To enable revealing an orientation relationship between grains of the two phases, a method for X-ray texture analysis of metals was developed using a combination of direct pole figures. It was established that the phase formation during electrodeposition of polymorphous metals produces metastable modifications typical of entities that crystallized from a liquid state at extremely high rates. In regards polymorphic transitions in metal electrodeposition, certain orientation relationships were observed between grains of the stable and the metastable phase, which is typical of phase transformations proceeding at extremely high rates. The results obtained provided additional arguments in favor of the phenomenon under discussion.
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