Strain Hardening and Stretch Formability Behavior of Triple Phase (TP) Steel Strips
Keywords:Triple Phase (TP) steel, Bainite, martensite, ferrite TP Steel, Double quenching treatment, Strain Hardening rate, Stretch Formability
The current work explores the strain hardening and stretches formability behaviour of the developed Triple Phase (TP) steel. Double quenched TP steel strips posse three distinguished stages of strain hardening on tensile forming. 1st stage represents the highest n-value reflecting resistance to homogeneous deformation, where steel can be safely stretched. 2nd and 3rd stage reveals lower n-values, where localized thinning exist. On Erichsen testing, the relationship between punch forming force and punch stroke exhibits two forming regions. The 1st region is delineated by a straight line showing an ultra-high strain-hardening rate, which represents a reversible elastic stretch forming. The 2nd forming region continues to a higher Erichsen punch stroke than that of the 1st region and presents the permanent plastic stretch forming behaviour. It is found that bainite and martensite clusters created, by double quenching, in TP-steel exaggerated the elastic stretch forming limit 10 times higher than the as-hot rolled condition. 7 min. holding time of strips in the salt bath is considered the most effective for the creation of a useful volume fraction of the bainite phase. However, 21 min. holding time in salt bath grows martensite laths through the bainite aggregates, affecting negatively on stretch formability.