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A magnesium alloy AZ31 as plate of dimensions (60 x 60 x 3) mm has been constrained groove pressed (CGP) four deformation passes (16 pressings) at 250 oC by simulation and experiments. On the basis of the analysis of calculation results about the deformation distribution in the alloy AZ31 workpieces, the mechanism for its microstructure evolution during the severe plastic deformation (SPD) process was partly clarified. On the other hand, deformation heterogeneity distribution developed in the workpieces by applying CGP caused the evolution of a non-uniform microstructure. The TEM microstructure analysis results provided clear evidence that across the plate both the banded deformed microstructure where dislocation cell structure and/or partially or fully recovered polygonized subgrain microstructure are present. The recovering dynamic and local polygonization process contributes significantly to the formation of ultra-fine materials (UFG) microstructure.
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