SIMULTANEOUSLY ENHANCING MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF CU-CR ALLOY PROCESSED BY ECAP AND DCT
Keywords:CuCr alloy, ECAP, DCT, Microstructure, Mechanical properties, Electrical conductivity
Mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of Cu-0.5%Cr alloy were simultaneously enhanced by combing the equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and deep cryogenic treatment (DCT). The effect of DCT on the microstructure and properties of Cu-0.5%Cr alloy prepared by ECAP was investigated. The results show that the grains were elongated and refined along the deformation shear direction, and the dislocation density increased significantly by ECAP deformation. After the subsequent DCT, the grains were further refined, and at the same time, the dislocation density was further increased. With the increase of passes of ECAP, the microhardness and tensile strength of Cu-0.5%Cr alloy increased significantly, but the elongation to failure and electrical conductivity decreased slightly. After the DCT, the microhardness, electrical conductivity, tensile strength and elongation to failure of the Cu-0.5%Cr alloy were improved. After the ECAP (four passes) and DCT (12 h), the tensile strength, elongation to failure and electrical conductivity reached 483 MPa, 17.6% and 29%IACS respectively. The improvement of tensile properties could be attributed to the increase of dislocation density and grain refinement. The electrical conductivity was improved by the DCT due to the decrease of vacancy concentration.