Municipal sewage sludge as a source of microelements in sustainable plant production: a laboratory lysimeter study
Keywords:agriculturally used soils, heavy metals, Nicotiana tabacum, plant growth, sewage sludge application, lysimeters
The aim of the work was to characterize the samples of sewage sludge (SSL) originated from the Wastewater Treatment Plant Piešťany (TAVOS, a.s., Trnava, Slovakia) in terms of their potential application into the soils. Within the physico-chemical characterization of SSL, the samples were analysed in terms of the values of pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), total organic carbon (TOC), water holding capacity (WHC), as well as the presence of heavy metals. It was found that SSL contained significant amounts of microelements Zn (1,269 mg.kg-1, d.w.) and Cu (224 mg.kg-1, d.w.). Laboratory lysimeter experiments involving the application of SSL into the top layer of agriculturally used soil (0 – 10 cm) forming a soil column, in which seedlings of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) were cultivated, showed that in the case of SSL application in the highest permitted amounts (15 t.ha-1) only
0.11 % Zn and 0.07 % Cu were released into the soil eluate during a 28 day of exposure, while in tobacco plants 0.13 % Zn and 0.05 % Cu were accumulated from the total amount of Zn and Cu originated from the application of SSL (Zn – 133 mg and Cu – 23.5 mg). When applying SSL in amount 30 t.ha-1 i.e., in the dose exceeding the permitted limits, only 0.02 % Zn and 0.04 % Cu were released into the soil eluate and 0.16 % Zn and 0.09 % Cu were accumulated in tobacco plants from the applied amount of SSL (Zn – 267 mg and Cu – 47.0 mg).
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Copyright (c) 2021 Vanda Adamcová, Martin Valica, Jozef Gubiš, Marcela Gubišová, Katarína Ondreičková, Silvia Dulanská, Miroslav Horník
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